Kaddish


Yit-gadal ve-yit-kadash shema rabah
be-almah di-vra khir-ooteh ve-yam-lik mal-khoo-teh
Be-khay-iy-khon oo-vey-ohmey-khon oove-khay-ey di-khol-beyt Yisra-el 
Ba-ah-gah-la oo-viz-man ka-riv ve-imroo ah-meyn.
(ah-meyn).
Ye-ha sh-meh rab-a me-va-rak le-olam ool-al-may al-may-a yit-ba-rakh 
Yit-ba-rakh ve-yish-ta-bakh ve-yit-pa-ar ve-yit-ro-mam ve-yit-nahseh 
Ve-yit-hadar, ve-yit-ah-leh, ve-yit-ha-lal sh-meh di-kood-sha  brikh hu (brikh hu).
le-al-a min kol bir-kha-ta ve-shi-ra-ta
Toosh-be-kha-ta  ve-neh-e-ma-ta  di-ami-ran be-al-ma ve-imroo  ah-meyn (ah-meyn).
Ye-ha shl-ama raba min-sh-maya ve-khay-im 
al-ey-noo ve-al kol Yisra-el 
ve-imroo ah-meyn. (ah-meyn).
Oseh shalom bim-ro-may-v 
hoo yah-ah-seh shalom al-ey-noo ve-al kol Yisra-el.
ve-imroo ah-meyn. (ah-meyn).

Translation


Let us magnify and let us sanctify the great name of G-d
in the world which He created according to His will.
May His kingdom come in your lifetime, and in your days,
and in the lifetime of the family of Israel
-quickly and speedily may it come. Now respond: Amen
(Amen.)
May the greatness of His being be blessed from eternity to eternity. 
Let us bless and let us extol,
let us tell aloud and let us raise aloft,
let us set on high and let us honour, 
let us exalt and let us praise the Holy One-blessed be He ! (blessed be He !)
-though He is far beyond any blessing or song,
any honour or any consolation that can be spoken of in this world. Now respond: Amen (Amen).
May great peace from heaven and the gift of life he granted to us and to all the family of Israel.
Now respond: Amen (Amen).
May He who makes peace in the highest bring this peace upon
and upon all Israel. Now respond: Amen
(Amen).

 

Types of Kaddish

The Kaddish is a prayer of praise about G-d. There are several variations, the first variant is the Hatzi Kaddish, or Readerís Kaddish. This form is the short or half-Kaddish (hatzi means half). It is used to indicate sections of the service.

The central verse of Kaddish is the verse  - Ye-ha sh-meh rab-a me-va-rak le-olam ool-al-may al-may-a
"May His great name be blessed from eternity to eternity," an Aramaic translation of Psalm 113:2.
The Kaddish is essentially a declaration of belief in the holiness and greatness of G-d. It is also a prayer that His name be sanctified in this world and that His kingship be recognised by all living creatures. It is a recognition that all that happens, happens in accord with G-d's will and His absolute supervision. That, therefore, even that which man cannot understand is a consequence of G-d's will.
To highlight this sybolism, the Kaddish is recited by the reader to the affirmation of the members of the congregation who answer Amen after each verse.

The full Kaddish is called Kaddish Shalem (shalem means complete). This Kaddish read at the end of the service.

Kaddish Yatom is known as the Mournerís Kaddish. It is the same as the full version, there is no reference to death or anything else to distinguishes this Kaddish from the others (except the Titkabel version). It is simply a matter of who is reciting the Kaddish. Persons who have lost a dear one or are marking a Yahrzeit are reciting this verson. This Kaddish occurs at the end of services, including the Erev  Shabbat of Friday night.

There is a special Kaddish recited by mourners at the grave side at the time of burial.

The Kaddish is only recited in the presence of a Minyan, since like the Kedusha prayer, it praises G-dís name.

There are several customs as to who stands for the Kaddish. When one recites the Kaddish, one stands. Therefore, mourners rise to recite the prayer. When one hears the Kaddish, it is traditional to stand. Thus, you will see several people stand when theKaddish is recited, be it the half or full). In many shuls, everyone is asked to stand during Mournerís Kaddish to show support for the mourners so they donít feel isolated.
 
 


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